Caxamarca Culture


Pre-Inca culture (500-1000 AD) that corresponds to the late intermediate period, settled down in the north andean part on the department of Cajamarca, their domain reached to the departments of Amazonas and La Libertad.

Remarkable megalithic constructions among those outstanding Cumbe Mayo (the biggest megalithic construction in America and the maximum expression of hydraulic engineering), besides Collos, the necropolis of Otuzco, Kuntur Wasi's temples and Rumi Tiana among others.

It reached a high development in the textile art; their ceramic highlights because of its fineness, the characteristic shapes are plates tripods or with pedestal base, recipients with the shape of a lentil, glasses and tablespoons; the pieces were elaborated with clay and kaolin and they have very thin walls, worked by hand, without molds and cooked in open oven. They decorated their pots in its exterior and interior, with fine lines in ocher, red or black on a beige base.

It was an organized and warrior town; they were subjected to the Tahuantisuyo after bloody battles with the Inca Pachacútec who ordered to build a temple to the God Inti and an acllahuasi (Quechua language) after taking the city of Cajamarca.



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