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Archaeological pieces (Photo: J. Mazzotti)
Archaeological pieces (Photo: J. Mazzotti)
Archaeological Sites in Lima

From immemorial times different pre-Inca towns that appeared in the history inhabited the valley of Rímac. In its origins an old fishermen town was located here, with great religious tradition. In later period the towns of Maranga and Aramburú were developed, then followed the Collas, Huachos and the Huallas cultures, and finally they were conquered by the Inca.

The Incas respected the religions of the conquered towns and they added their gods, reason for which many pre-Inca religious centers stayed until the arrival of the Spaniards.

All these towns and cultures left archaeological remains, some of them, at the moment well conserved and others restored, outstanding among those:

Located at 19.26 miles (31 km) S of Lima, in the valley of Lurín. Pre-Inca and Inca archaeological construction. Main pre-Inca adoration and ceremonial center of the inhabitants' of the valley of Rímac in which the God Pachacámac was venerated. The investigations presume that this place was inhabited since the year 200 up to 1533.

From the pre-Inca constructions stand out the "Templo Pintado" (colored temple) and the "Templo Viejo" (old temple), built with small adobes and pyramids with ramps. After the Inca conquest they built next to them the "Templo del Inti" (Temple of sun) and an "acllahuasi" (house prepared for the chosen girls). The Temple of Inti has a flight of stairs made of stones and passages that go along the edge of the main structure, built with adobes. On him a great terrace exists with view to the sea, and is related with the islands in front of this group with an old legend.

Pachacámac was the God creator of life and of the universe and it was not personified. The state of conservation of this location and its restoration offer a great show of cultural historical interest.

On-Site Museum: Daily attention from 09:00 to 17:00, exhibition of archaeological remains found in this complex, ceramic, textile, idols, etc. Right to entrance S /. 5 adults and S /. 2 students.

The Huaca Huallamarca also called "Pan de Azúcar" (Sweet Bread)
Located in the district of San Isidro, at Nicolás de Rivera 210, Street. Pre-Inca adoration place, pyramidal huaca built with adobes (bricks made with mud), it is restored. Site museum.

Huaca Pucllana or Juliana
Located in the district of Miraflores, located at General Borgoño Street. A ceremonial center dating from earliest stages of the Lima culture. Huaca with a pyramidal shape, pre-Inca adoration site dedicated to the God Pachacámac. 

Puruchuco (Quechua voice: Hat of feathers)
Located at 4.66 miles (7.5 km) to the E of Lima. Inca archaeological location, palace in which "caciques" (political chief of the city) or important people exercised domain over the valley of Rímac. Beautiful constructions, very well restored.

On-Site Museum.
Open: from 09:00 to 17:00 every days, except Mondays
Telephone: 494-2641

San Juan de Pariache
Located at 9.94 miles (16 km) to the E of Lima. Inca archaeological location, of very similar construction to the archaeological center of Puruchuco.

Located at 10.9 miles (17.5 km) to the E of Lima, in the denominated place Huachipa. Inca archaeological complex, citadel with walled square, numerous barns or food deposits. 

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