Tambopata National Reserve
Date of Creation
Departments of Madre de Dios and Puno, provinces of Tambopata, Carabaya and Sandia.
Area for the protection of the fauna and flora of the tropical sub humid forests, constitute one of the richest ecosystems in the world, it possesses a great diversity of wild life that captures many scientists and tourists from all parts of the world.
The special characteristic of the jungle of Madre de Dios department is due to masses of cold air coming from the southern Atlantic, during the months of June, and they originate an abrupt descent of the temperature, reaching 5°C or less. This eventual meteorological phenomenon is denominated, in the area, as the "friaje".
This situation, in the evolutionary process during hundred-thousand years, originated the disappearance of many species of reptiles, because of being of cold blood, and when existing less predators, and the adaptation of others, it is already allowed the subsistence and evolution of species missing in other places of the earth, inclusive in the Amazon area. Existence of animal species and unique vegetables in their gender. These forests still have many places to discover and also many unknown species alive for the science.
The scientific investigations of the last 20 years have registered until the present time 20,000 species of plants, 1,234 species of butterflies, 900 of birds (biggest quantity that all the species that inhabit the territories of U.S. and 1/5 of all the existing species of the world), 152 of dragon flies, 135 of ants, 127 of reptiles that live in land and water, 103 of mammals, 94 of fish, 74 of reptiles, and many others that are not yet discovered and identified.
Ornithologists working in the 5,500 hectare TRZ since 1976 have recorded 595 different bird species, the highest count on earth , equivalent to 1/6 of all bird species known to occur on the South American continent. Parrots, parakeets, motmots, trogons, jacamars, kingfishers, hummingbirds, tanagers, antbirds, woodcreepers and flycatchers are all common, along with the more sought after large macaws, toucans, harpy eagle, guans, trumpeters, screamers, tinamoous and hoatzins. In fact, several species of macaws, toucans, and both spix's and piping guans can be seen easily without even leaving the porch in front of your room.
A bonus for the nature lover are the great abundance of different insect species, which include an ample variety and again the world’s highest recorded numbers of butterfly species with 1200+ spp and dragonfly species with 149 spp.
Its territory embraces from the Andean oriental area in the province of Sandia, to the low jungle in the province of Tambopata, furrowed by the river Tambopata and its affluent. Inside the reserve inhabits the tribe of the Huarayos and Ese'ejas. Because of its unique features, in 1977 this area was set aside as a Reserved Zone by the Peruvian Government prohibiting any hunting and lumber cutting. In 1990 the 1'478,943 hectare Tambopata-Candamo Reserved Zone was created which encompasses the Bahuaja-Sonene National Park created in 1996.
The Tambopata National Reserve is located 45 Km (28 miles) south of Puerto Maldonado (2 hours by motorboat). There is also an alternative route: 25 Km (16 miles) by land (by 4x4 vehicle) to the community of Infierno and then a river crossing to the reserve (2 hours by 55 HP motor boat). Located between the basins of the Tambopata and Heath Rivers.
For the lovers of ecological tourism, its exuberant vegetation, beautiful "cochas" (lagoons) and biological wealth have also transformed it into one of the preferred destinations in America.
Visit and travel
Inside the reserve, areas enabled for tourists and visitors exist, and other areas are only restricted for the entrance of investigators. In the area for tourists, exist lodging facilities.
There are jungle lodges in its interior, and near to it, that offer lodging and guided wildlife excursions for the tourists, as well as housing facilities and work for investigators and scientific.
The entrance of tourists to this Reserve is restricted to certain areas, those that should be coordinated previously with the tour operators. To enter the reserve, prior authorization from SERNANP is required.
We consider indispensable to coordinate your expedition with expert guides and Jungle Tour Operator.
Check our Tours in Tambopata.