Declared "Archaeological World Heritage Site" by
Located in the arid Peruvian coastal plain, some 400 km south of Lima, the
geoglyphs of Nazca and the Pampas of Jumana cover about 450 square km.
These lines, which were drawn between 500 B.C. and 500 A.D., are among the
most impenetrable enigmas of archaeology by virtue of their quantity, nature and
size, as well as their continuity.
Some of the geoglyphs depict living creatures, plants or imaginary figures,
as well as geometric figures several kilometres long. They are believed to have
had ritual functions connected with astronomy.
Maximum cultural expression of the Nazca
Unique place in the world, full with mystery and mysticism, wonderful traces
of immense figures and lines of spectacular perfection. Diverse scientific
theories have been placed on these lines. Some theories only explain its
possible construction associated to extraterrestrial beings.
The great constructions of observatories of astronomical cycles, well-known
as the Nazca Lines, were used by the farmers to know and
control the meteorological agrarian cycles, aside from their possible religious
significance (Maria Reiche's theory).
These lines are traced on San José and Socos desert plains, between
the 419 and 465 kms. of the South Pan-American Highway, with an extension of 450
square km., near the Nazca city.
These lines form drawings of several kilometers in length and aproximately
0.4 and 1.1 km in width, with animal, geometric and trapezoidal forms; some of
which can only be seen in all their magnitude from an airplane. The figures of
the spider, the monkey, the dog, the small lizard, the hummingbird, the condor,
and the astronaut, among others, stand out.
These lines were investigated scientifically for the first time by the Prof. German Paul Kosok, along with the Peruvian archeologists
Julio C. Tello
and T. Mejía Xesspe,
denominated these lines as 'the biggest astronomy book of the world '.
María Scholten carried out investigations to determine the mathematical
unit of measure that was used in the construction. Their main investigator was
Dr. Maria Reiche.
The Nazca Lines were discovered accidentally from an airplane in flight in
1927. By the end of the 1980's new lines were discovered.
On the Pan-American Highway some observation towers can be found, which allow
a limited vision of the lines. The only possible way to appreciate them in all
their magnitude, given their gigantic size, is flying over the area on a light
You can see the Nazca Lines and geoglyphs in a over flight, from Nazca, Ica