Also called jungle, forest, or orient. It is the geographical area located at
the east of the Mountain Range of Andes. It is a huge geologic depression in
which prevail the big plains, hills, small mountain ranges, flooded lands in
time of grown of rivers, etc.
It occupies 62% of the Peruvian territory and its population density is very
low (8%). Great quantity of rivers, all tributaries of the Amazonas River (Amazon River).
This region is characterized by a humid tropical weather, with an average
temperature of 25°C (77°F), rains of 1,000 to 2,000 mm, in which has
been developed an exuberant vegetation and fauna.
It is considered as the biggest reservation in natural resources of the Earth
(included the amazon territory of Brazil), besides being the first generating
source of oxygen of the planet. Also as natural resources exist big locations of
petroleum, natural gas and gold laundries.
In the Peruvian Amazonia are registered:
- 64 tribes and sub-tribes of human beings
- 14,712 animal species (8,000 unique), 700 classes of butterflies, 282 of
birds, 625 of bugs, 250 of reptiles, 2,000 of fish, unique mammals, etc.
- 20,000 or more botanical species, being found up to 100 species in 1
There are many zoological and botanical species to discover and to classify
In past times, the protection lack and appropriate legislation allowed the
free hunt of some species, taking them to the almost extinction, as the black
lizard, the river wolf (otter) and some felines, for its valuable skin. Nowadays
protection laws exist to the fauna and flora and protection areas have been
created in parks and national reservations.
In the whole Amazonia prevails the fluvial and air transport; the terrestrial
transport is nonexistent in the area of the low forest, since highways do not