Puno the folkloric capital
In this region the folklore is manifested in two big ways, one in the customs
and ancestral rites in the forms of life of some towns, among those highlight
the communities of the Uros, Taquile and Amantani, and the other one in
its artistic manifestations.
Expert artisans and indigenous weavers elaborate art objects of captivating
beauty by hand.
Puno has been denominated the "folkloric capital of
Peru" by the wealth of its artistic and cultural expressions,
especially through the dance and music.
There are registered more than 300 autochthonous and religious dances, from the
1,500 existing in the national environment.
These dances reach their biggest manifestation in the celebration, in
February, of the Feast of the "Virgen de
la Candelaria" (considered as one of the most important from Peru) and
in the Regional Competition of Autochthonous Dances, being their people's
These big celebrations have the participation of the whole town of Puno and
also communities of near towns.
Among the main rural dances we can mention: the Waca Waca, the Cullahulla (it
represents the actions of a quack doctor), the Carnival of the Ichu, the Kajelo
(it represents a horseman that dominates the summits and abysses, with Andean
suit), the Llamerada (danced with great order and uniformity to the tune of a
wind instruments band), the Wifala (pastoral loving and deliberate dance), the
Sikuris (similar to the Diablada), the Machu Tusuj (of satirical character that
exalts the fecundity, vigor, dexterity and eroticism of the old people), etc.
Among the dances of the city we can mention the Diablada, the Marinera Puneña, the
Pandilla, the Morenada, Rey Moreno, the Caporales, etc.
In both dance types outstands the fantasy clothes and suits of their dancers,
many are made with threads of gold, semi-precious stones and embroideries and
exquisite laces, with a high value.