Location: Department of Arequipa, provinces of Cailloma and
Area: 336,000 hectares.
Creation: August 1979.
Conservation and protection unit of the flora and fauna, beautiful
landscapes, geologic formations of the area and preservation of highland
Aguada Blanca Dam is located behind Misti Volcano (according to the city of
Arequipa), in an extensive flatness at
4,000 meters above sea level (13,123 feet). This dam forms a great artificial
lake with the waters of Blanco River. Behind the Pichupichu Volcano also exists
the Salinas Lagoon. Both are places where a great population of birds rest,
among those one of the most important are the "parihuanas" flamingos
(Phoeneicopterux Tuber) keeping a close relation with the migration of
the Reservation of the Mejía
Inside this reservation is located Pampa Cañahuas, almost behind the
Chachani Volcano, where the tarucas (Hippocamelus Antisiencis) are
protected (tarucas are deers of a small size that are in a vulnerable
situation). There are also great quantity of vicuñas in wild life.
The vicuña (Vicugna Vicugna) is a mammalian camalidae, that
inhabits the high mountains of the Andes. It has 95 cm height and 55 kilos
weight on the average, long neck and elegant figure. It is covered with a short
frizzy wool (reddish wheat color) of extraordinary quality. It lives up to 15
years and can be tamed.
It was in extinction danger due to their merciless hunt. Their wool is the
finest textile fiber in the world, very well appreciated in the international
market. It is represented in the National Shield of Peru like the symbol of the
wealth of the animal kingdom.