"The City of the Kings"
Central Coast, 154 meters above sea level. (505 feet)
Metropolitan Lima and Callao 7'497,000 inhabitants (2000)
Called "Ciudad de los Reyes" (City of the Kings) for the
Spanish conquerors, it was founded by Francisco Pizarro on January 18th , 1535 on Rímac
Valley, in which diverse pre-Inca towns had been developed, then dominated by the Inca
Today it is a great city, it is the capital of the Republic of Peru, and it is a great
metropolis with near 8 million inhabitants.
Its historical center and San Francisco's Convent have been denominated by UNESCO
"Cultural World Heritage Site" because of the beauty and
wealth of much of their constructions.
During the colonial time, it was the most important city in South America and it
concentrated the whole trade of the Hispanic colonies toward Spain, reaching their maximum
splendor during the XVII and XVIII centuries. It was the capital of "Nueva
Castilla" also after the Viceroyalty of Peru. From Callao (port), many territories in
the Pacific coast were discovered such as the Polynesia, and nowadays you can discover all
the enchantments of Peru.
In Lima you will find imposing colonial constructions, museums in which you will be
able to recreate a complete image of the millennial Peruvian past in its archeology,
history, art and pre-Inca archaeological locations.
Certainly, like a modern and cosmopolitan city, it offers all the tourist services, an
excellent and modern hotel infrastructure, a great variety of attraction centers, cultural
and night amusement, luxurious casinos and gambling houses, and excellent restaurants, in
which the exquisite and variety Peruvian food prevails.
"But the most important thing is that
you are going to find the hospitality and warmth of the people".
In general, Lima is the entrance door to Peru. Through its International Airport
"Jorge Chávez", with direct flights and connections with the main cities of the
world. From Lima, you will be able to begin trips to all the cities of the interior of the
country, to discover and enjoy all the tourist attractiveness of this millennial country.
Historical Center: (declared
"World Heritage Site" by UNESCO). During the
colonial time, the city of Lima, headquarters of the Viceroy, was walled, and in this area
the main Spanish constructions were built constituting invaluable historical monuments.
San Francisco's Convent, also declared "World Heritage Site" for
the artistic jewels that it possesses and for their beautiful architecture.
Archaeological places: The
geographical area of Lima before the Spanish foundation in 1535, was inhabited by diverse
pre-Inca towns and then dominated by the Incas, who have bequeathed magnificent
constructions and temples, conserved and restored, outstanding Pachacámac, Puruchuco,
Cajamarquilla, Huaca Pucllana, among others.
Museums: To come closer to the
millennial Peruvian culture, Lima has diverse museums, the best ones of Peru, on which you
would be transport in the archaeological, historic and artistic ambits. The museums of
Lima keep the richest collections in the whole Peruvian past.
Rímac: Urban center located in
the north bank of the Rímac river, in which you will be able to find beautiful colonial
constructions, museums and the famous "Plaza de Toros de Acho" (Bullfight Plaza
Barranco: District of Lima
called "The city of the Mills", gentle place visited by poets, artists and
bohemians. At nights it offers big cultural and amusement shows.
San Isidro and Miraflores:
These are two districts of Lima that are characterized by the modernity of their
constructions and services, and today they concentrate most of the best hotel
establishments, restaurants, shopping centers, show centers, and the banking, commercial
and managerial system.