From immemorial times different pre-Inca towns that appeared in the history
inhabited the valley of Rímac. In its origins an old fishermen town was
located here, with great religious tradition. In later period the towns of
Maranga and Aramburú were developed, then followed the Collas, Huachos
and the Huallas cultures, and finally they were conquered by the Inca.
The Incas respected the religions of the conquered towns and they added their
gods, reason for which many pre-Inca religious centers stayed until the arrival
of the Spaniards.
All these towns and cultures left archaeological remains, some of them, at the
moment well conserved and others restored, outstanding among those:
19.26 miles (31 km) S of Lima, in the
valley of Lurín. Pre-Inca and Inca archaeological construction. Main
pre-Inca adoration and ceremonial center of the inhabitants' of the valley of
Rímac in which the God
Pachacámac was venerated. The investigations presume that this place
was inhabited since the year 200 up to 1533.
From the pre-Inca constructions stand out the "Templo Pintado"
(colored temple) and the "Templo Viejo" (old temple), built with small
adobes and pyramids with ramps. After the Inca conquest they built next to them
the "Templo del Inti" (Temple of sun) and an "acllahuasi"
(house prepared for the chosen girls). The Temple of Inti has a flight of stairs
made of stones and passages that go along the edge of the main structure, built
with adobes. On him a great terrace exists with view to the sea, and is related
with the islands in front of this group with an old legend.
Pachacámac was the God creator of life and of the universe and it was
not personified. The state of conservation of this location and its restoration
offer a great show of cultural historical interest.
On-Site Museum: Daily attention from 09:00 to 17:00,
exhibition of archaeological remains found in this complex, ceramic, textile,
idols, etc. Right to entrance S /. 5 adults and S /. 2 students.
The Huaca Huallamarca also called "Pan de
Azúcar" (Sweet Bread)
Located in the district of
San Isidro, at Nicolás de Rivera 210, Street. Pre-Inca adoration place,
pyramidal huaca built with adobes (bricks made with mud), it is restored. Site
Huaca Pucllana or Juliana
Located in the district of Miraflores, located at General
Borgoño Street. A ceremonial center dating from earliest stages of the
Lima culture. Huaca with a pyramidal shape, pre-Inca adoration site dedicated to
the God Pachacámac.
Puruchuco (Quechua voice: Hat of
Located at 4.66 miles (7.5 km) to the E of Lima. Inca
archaeological location, palace in which "caciques" (political chief of
the city) or important people exercised domain over the valley of Rímac.
Beautiful constructions, very well restored.
Open: from 09:00 to 17:00 every days,
San Juan de Pariache
at 9.94 miles (16 km) to the E of Lima. Inca archaeological location, of very
similar construction to the archaeological center of Puruchuco.
10.9 miles (17.5 km) to the E of Lima, in the denominated place Huachipa. Inca
archaeological complex, citadel with walled square, numerous barns or food