National Parks, Historical Sanctuaries, National
Sanctuaries, National Reservations, National Parks of Peru
COAST - NORTH TO SOUTH
National Sanctuary Swamps of
Location: Department of Tumbes, county of Zarumilla.
Area: 2,972 hectares.
Date of Creation: March 2 1988.
Intangible unit of conservation and protection of the fauna and flora of the
estuary and swamps. Particular ecosystem located in the delta of the river
Tumbes that flows in the Pacific Ocean, forming the mangroves labyrinths and
estuary channels that constitute the refuge of varied fauna and flora species;
natural habitat of the black shell and shrimps.
National Forest of Tumbes
Location: Department of Tumbes, counties of Zarumilla and
Area: 75,102 hectares.
Date of Creation: 1957.
Territorial unit for the conservation of the regional ecological systems; it
limits to the north with Ecuador and to the south with the National Park Cerro
de Amotape, divided by the Tumbes River; its fauna and flora varies, regarding
Amotape, for the permanent humidity that is increased in the months of summer
(Jan-Mar) because of the rains, pretending to be an Amazon area.
Protected area and refuge of species in extinction like the monkey
"Coto" or howling monkey (Alouatta palliata), the crocodile
or lizard of Tumbes (Crocodylus acutus), otter of the northwest,
tigrillo and coast otorongo. In flora highlight the huayacán
(Tabebuia Sp.), cedar and ebony species.
Cerros de Amotape National Park
Location: Department of Tumbes and Piura
Date of Creation: July 22 1975.
Unit of intangible conservation for the protection of the equatorial dry
forests. Also known as the "green desert", since during the whole year
it remains dry and it only flourishes in the months of summer (Jan-Mar) with the
rains, originating a particular ecosystem.
Biological wealth, among those highlight unique flora species as the hualtaco
(Loxopterilium husango), Palo Santo (sacred stick) (Bursera graveolens), and in fauna highlights the otter of the northwest, jaguar
(Pantera onca) and puma (Felis concolor) species in via of
extinction, ant eater (Myrmecophaga trydactila), condor
(Vultur gryphus), and the gray deer. Archaeological areas of the
cultures Tumpis and Inca.
Declared World Heritage Site by UNESCO
National Sanctuary of
ANDEAN - NORTH TO SOUTH
Location: Department of Cajamarca, county of Cutervo.
Area: 2,550 hectares.
Natural Reservation and intangible for the conservation of the flora and
fauna; scenic beauties of the Mountain range of Tarros, extended between yunga
and high forest areas.
National Park of
Huascarán (Declared World Heritage Site by
National Sanctuary of Huayllay
Location: Department of Pasco, county of Pasco
Located in the district of Huayllay, also called the forest of rocks,
gigantic stony formations in strange and capricious shapes, geologic
deformations of great natural beauty.
National Reservation of Junín
Location: Department of Junín, county of
Area: 53,000 hectares.
Creation: I wither of 1974.
Conservation unit, intangible area, protection for the flora and fauna and
the beauty of the Junín Lake. It extends on the Bombón plateau, including
the pampas and lake of Junín.
Historical Sanctuary of Chacamarca
Location: Department of Junín, county of
Area: 2,500 hectares.
Unit of conservation protected and intangible, to safeguard archaeological
areas and the scenario where was carried out the Battle of Junín, carried
out on August 6, 1824, among the Peruvian liberator forces commanded by
Simón Bolivar against the Spanish realistic force under the control of
Canterac, achieving the victory the liberator forces with the heroic action of
Mayor Rázuri and the Peruvian Hussars, later called the Hussars of
Junín, the current guard of the Presidential Palace in Lima.
Historical Sanctuary Pampas of Ayacucho
Location: Department of Ayacucho, county of Huamanga.
Located on the district of Quinua, intangible and protected area, to
safeguard the scenario of the battle of Ayacucho, carried out on December 9,
1824 among the liberator forces under the control of Antonio de Sucre against
the Spanish realistic forces under the control The Viceroy Serna. The heroic
action of the Peruvian force, Hussars of Junín under the control
of Córdoba achieved the victory, getting the capitulation and rendition
of the Spanish forces, affirming the total delivery of Peruvian lands to
Peruvian people, and the renouncement of the real rights of Spain mainly
in Peru and South America.
National Sanctuary of Titancáyocc
Location: Department of Ayacucho, county of Cangallo.
Intangible area for the conservation of the flora, fauna and
archaeological locations; highlights the magnificent goads of Raimondi.
National Reservation of Pampa Galeras
Location: Department of Ayacucho, county of Lucanas.
Area: 6,500 hectares.
Conservation unit and protection of species of the fauna and regional flora;
it constitutes the intangible area of more extension for the protection of the
vicuña, species in danger of extinction.
National Sanctuary of Ampay
Location: Department of Apurímac, county of Abancay.
Area: 3,635 hectares.
Area of intangible conservation of exceptional beauty for the protection of a
heritage of a podacarpus forest and association of wild fauna, goads of
Raimondi; archaeological locations.
of Machu Picchu (Declared World Heritage Site by UNESCO)
Valley of the Volcanoes
of Salinas and Aguada Blanca
National Reserve of
Ecological Reserve of
AMAZON FOREST - NORTH TO SOUTH
National Sanctuary Tabaconas Namballe
Location: Department of Cajamarca, county of San Ignacio.
Area: 29,500 hectares.
Unit of conservation of the flora and fauna, intangible area, for the
protection of the cold areas and species in extinction via like the "Oso de
Anteojos" (bear with glasses) and tapir of the highlands.
National Park of the
Abiseo River (Declared World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1991)
Conservation unit, on the low forest, for the
protection of the fauna and flora of the region.
National Forest Pastaza Morona
Location: Department of Loreto.
Area: 375,000 hectares.
Conservation unit, area protected for the ecological systems, located on the
National Forest of Biabo - Blue Mountain range
Location: Departments of Loreto, San Martin and Ucayali.
Area: 2'068, 509 hectares.
Unit of conservation of the regional ecological systems corresponding to
areas of high and low forest.
Tingo María National Park
Location: Department of Huánuco, counties of Leoncio
Prado and Huamalíes.
Area: 18,000 hectares.
Creation: May 13,
Intangible area, conservation unit and protection of the fauna and flora and
the "Bella Durmiente" (Sleeping Beauty), cave of the Owls and
"Quebrada Bella" (Beautiful ravine).
Yanachanga Chemillén National Park
Location: Department of Pasco, county of Oxapampa.
Creation: August of 1986.
Unit of conservation of the representative samples of the ecosystems of the
oriental slopes of the Andes to the low forest that are part of the refuge of
the ancient Ucayali - Pachitea. Intangible area; it limits to the east with the
natural reservation of the tribe Amoesha.
National Forest Alexander von Humboldt
Location: Departments of Huánuco and Ucayali
Area: 570,800 hectares.
Unit of conservation of the regional ecological systems.
National Park of the
Manu (Declared World Heritage Site by UNESCO)
Tambopata - Candamo
National Sanctuary Pampas of the Heath
Location: Department of Madre de Dios, county of Tambopata.
Area: 102,109 hectares.
Creation: May of 1973.
Unit of conservation protected and intangible, of exceptional natural beauty,
biological wealth of fauna species and Amazon flora, it is furrowed by the river
Heath and their tributaries. It offers special protection to the Chaco, deer of
the swamps and the mane wolf, species in via of extinction.