The "Parque Arqueológico de Sacsayhuamán"
(Archaeological Park of Sacsayhuamán) is located to the north of Cusco (Qosqo). It embraces 3,000 hectares
approximately, where a rich Andean flora is found and with abundant fauna,
highlighting the presence of llamas, kestrels and hawks. It also embraces the
following extraordinary archaeological monuments,
voice Satiate hawk)
Inca architectural masterpiece. Impressive megalithic
ruins located in the peak of a hill that dominates the north of the city. The
historians of the Spanish conquest attributed it military purposes that then
became religious, and finally a place of work.
The walls are formed by enormous stone blocks that reach up to 9 m.
height, 5 m. width and 4 m. thickness. The biggest is calculated to have a
weight of 125 tons; the visitor will wonder how they have been taken there. The
union of the enormous rocks was assembled in a perfect way without use of
cement. The main wall is constituted by three successive walls in zigzag, the
second and the third superimposed to the first one.
The platforms have an average of 360 m. length and communicate by
stairs, and access doors. The throne of the Inca is surrounded by rocks in front
of the ramparts that dominate the esplanade and the "rodadero"
(circular place), located in the same plateau.
Sacsayhuamán was scenario of important historical facts, especially
during the Spanish conquest. Every year the evocation to the Inti Raymi is celebrated there.
It is located at 3 km. of the Main Square and you can arrive there walking.
Sanctuary dedicated to
the adoration of animals, ruins formed by a rocky place with stairs in zigzag,
it has a main building like a circular amphitheatre where 19 window sills are
located as a way of seats.
It is presumed that this place was an adoration place, supporting this
presumption the presence of an enormous stone block of 5.9 m. height that has
the appearance of a puma. There is labyrinth entrance toward underground
galleries, passages, channels, and stairs with signs of a remote culture; these
reveal a series of drawings and engravings outstanding the figures of pumas.
It is located at 4 km. of the Main Square, following the way to Sacsayhuamán.
Puca Pucará (voice
Quechua: red fortress)
Inca archaeological location, located in the peak of
a hill, was a military position and an administrative center.
For its proximity to Tambomachay, it is believed that it had relationship
with its defense, as well as the control of the route to Calca that led to the
Antisuyo (Forest county of the Inca).
It is a fortification formed by platforms, stairs, passages, turrets,
windowsills and a wall that defends the whole construction in a circular shape.
It is located at 7 km. of the Main Square.
It was an Inca
sanctuary dedicated to the cult of the water, and it was a reserved place for
the Inca. It is known as the "Baños del Inca"
(Inca's spa). Construction of fine lithic finishes and high domain of the
It is a group of walls, united by stairs, with springs that fall to a puddle
through channels. The fall of water that gets the attention in these ruins part
from the terrace of the second wall and the drainage spill on the first where a
small puddle is found.
The window sills, hole or niches of 2 m. height, was the place from where
according to the historians, the Inca and the important people of his court
subdue cult to the god Inti (sun) with rites of water.
It is located at 8 km. of the Main Square.
Laqo, Lanlakuyoq and
Pre-Hispanic adoration places, located at 5 km.
east of Cusco. Representations of felines, monkeys and snakes had been carved in
the rocks. It is a particularly interesting place for the followers of occult
and spiritual movements.