Besides the beauty of the landscape in the towns located in the "Valle Sagrado de los Incas" (Sacred
Valley of the Inca), near Cusco, other
towns are located, that also because of the importance of their archaeological
locations, beauty of their fields and landscapes, are an excellent destination.
We recommend the visit to the places that are described next.
On the highway that joins Cusco with the northwestern part of "Valle
Sagrado de los Incas" (Sacred Valley of the Incas), with a beautiful view
of the Mountain Range of Urubamba, with beautiful snowy peaks, and some lagoons,
we can visit:
Located at the
northwest of Cusco, at 28 km.(17.4 miles), called "El Pueblo Del
Arco Iris" (the town of the rainbow), it is located in a valley,
the town of Hispanic architecture is built on old Inca constructions. Its people
are the most conservative of the Inca traditions, wearing picturesque clothing.
Every Sunday they carry out the "catu", exchange fair
of agricultural products, in which the use of the currency is discarded and
everything is made in exchange. Also outstanding the textile crafts (crafts as
well as local produce).
Archaeological locations, Inca palaces, "andenerías" (terraces), and a great fortress in the place that they attributed the
appearance of the rainbow.
The town, has a beautiful colonial church, with famous paintings of the Escuela Cusqueña. Beautiful Andean
landscapes surround the town, outstanding the beauty of the snowy mountains
Chicon and Veronica of the Mountain Range of Urubamba.
This is a strange place. Area located at 53 km
northwest of Cusco, highlights an admirable Inca experimental farm, where a
natural depression has been transformed in enormous terraces superimposed in
concentric form with a shape of a great coliseum, achieving up to 150 meters in
difference of height levels. This technology allowed the old Inca farmers to
study the effect of altitude on different plants and create diverse weathers, to experience and to obtain varieties of plants that
improved their crops. It was a great laboratory.
Each terrace possesses contention walls and they are connected by a complex
system of artificial channels of irrigation that are a sample of the high
hydraulic technology that the Inca also reached.
It is a bizarre site. Area located at 60 km.
(37 miles) and 7 km (4.3 miles) of Moray, where layers of beige and white salt
pants are still used to crystallize salt from water. These mines were exploited from pre-Hispanic time. The disposition in the ways
used for the extraction of the salt, transforms it into a spectacular scenario.
These mines are located very near the town of Maras.
The plateu of Maras and Moray are excellent places to trekking or mountain
biking; the landscapes are beautiful, and you will be able to have the sensation of touch the sky or snowy
The following places and towns are in the route and to the margin of the
train line between Cusco and Juliaca - Puno, on the valley of Huatanay.
located at 5 km. (3 miles) southeast of Cusco, in front of their Main Square
highlights a beautiful colonial church, with facade of carved stone and richly
ornamented, of Baroque style, beautiful collection of paintings with Saint John
the Baptist's life. Their two towers are identical, in spite of the fact that
they were built with a 155 year-old difference. Very near this church, is
located "Capilla de San Lázaro" (the chapel of San
Lázaro), where numerous Spaniards were buried death in the "Guerra
de Las Salinas" (War of Las Salinas), in the battle that was sustained
between the Spanish conquerors Hernando Pizarro and Diego de Almagro for the
domain of Cusco in 1538.
Inca archaeological area, located
at 23 km. (14 miles) southeast of Cusco. Agricultural area, megalithic
buildings and a citadel. A great "andenería" (terraces) group,
with terraces of great size that diminish of area when ascending to the
mountain. A great wall goes over all the contours of this area; at the center a
group of buildings built with immense rocks, and remains of an old citadel. In
this area a great Inca population existed.
Small town located at 35 km. (22 miles)
southeast of Cusco, beautiful Andean landscapes, and a beautiful lagoon, where
families living in Cusco go on Sunday for walks, vacation and recess center.
archaeological area, located at 38 km. (23.6 miles) southeast of Cusco, remains
of a city that occupied an area of 50 hectares, big buildings, some of two
floors, embankments, big walls that reach up to 7 m height, aqueducts. Also
highlights the great quantity of colcas (deposits of grains), and the style of
their construction, with small stones, put together with mud. This location is a
place where you can also magnify the reach achieved by the Inca in the
architecture and urban organization. The historians attribute to this place a
character of military defense and center of supplies, for the big deposits of
agricultural products, tools, dresses and war weapons that have been found.
archaeological area, located at 39 km. (24.2 miles) southeast of Cusco and at 1
km. (0.62 miles) of Piquillacta. It constituted the main and obligatory entrance
to Cusco in the route to the Collasuyo (county of the south, in the Tahuantisuyo), with functions of customs. A
great and imposing cover built in carved stone, surrounded with high walls in
which inferior vertex a water channel runs, also a great aqueduct that was used
to take water to the population of Piquillacta.
at 45 km southeast of Cusco; it has a church with humble external aspect that
keeps one of the most valuable jewel of the colonial art in Peru, denominated
the Capilla Sixtina of Peru." The interior of the Church of San Pedro of
Andahuaylillas is an explosion of Baroque art with great quantity of
decorations. It was built in 1631, and according to the Spanish tradition, about
an Inca temple, it has numerous and beautiful paintings of the Escuela Cusqueña; its altars and
wood carvings are beautiful pieces elaborated in leaf of gold, its colored roof
is a perfect beauty.
Town of Spanish
Colonial and Inca (mestizo) architecture, 4,300 meters above sea level (14,107
feet). It is located northeast of the city of Cusco, on the Andean area, with
beautiful landscapes, and it is the entrance door to the forest area of Cusco.
It has rich Inca archaeological locations in its periphery. Known as the
folkloric capital of Cusco, for the abundance of autochthonous dances of Inca
origin that are conserved in this region.