Declared "America Heritage Site" by UNESCO
North Andean, 2,719 meters above sea level.
855 km (531.3 miles) from Lima
294 km (182.7 miles) from Trujillo
258 km (160.3 miles) from Chiclayo
Cajamarca is the capital of the department of Cajamarca and it is located in
a beautiful and productive Andean countryside in the valley with the same name.
The history of this city begins with the pre-Inca civilization named Caxamarca, that had
in this valley its cultural center until it was dominated by the Inca empire which built an important city,
in the same that the Inca Atahualpa and the Spanish conqueror
Francisco Pizarro encountered on November 16th , 1532;
important date that began with the decline of the Incas empire and the beginning
of the conquest, Spanish colonization and the trans-culture.
The importance of the prehispanic and colonial monuments, have been worth
this city to be declared as "America Heritage Site" by UNESCO.
You will be able to visit the famous "Cuarto del Rescate" (Rescue
Room) the one that Atahualpa filled with silver and gold in exchange of his
liberation from Pizarro. Beautiful and intact colonial churches also exist, and
very near the city you can see the colossal megalithic constructions of the
caxamarcas, picturesque towns and places around a beautiful Andean landscape.
The remarkable Architect Héctor Velarde said
"conquerors and indians left in Cajamarca elegant large houses of
cavalier lines and of fine and luxurious finish. As all the northern cities of
the mountains, this is more Spanish than indigenous, it is perhaps the most
Spanish of all, but a touch of indigenous spirit can be captured in the earth
and colors of the city."
Cajamarca has its biggest popular expression in the Carnivals, taken place as
in any other city of Peru.
At the moment it is an enterprising city which economic activities are based
on agriculture, cattle raising and the mining -extraction of gold and copper-,
besides having very good artisans.
Unlike other Andean cities, its population doesn't have much influence of the
ethnic group Quechua, and most of them are descendents of the Spanish
miscegenation. The typical peasant dressed in red "poncho", hat of
straw of wide wing, sandals like footwear and carrying saddlebags knitted in
The Caxamarca civilization flourished in the valley Cajamarca and they developed
big megalithic constructions, some of influence Tiahuanaco and Chavín. There are registered 90
archaeological centers, among those the outstanding Cumbe Mayo, the Ventanillas
de Otuzco and Combamayo. From Inca times and with a lot of historical value the
"Cuarto del Rescate" and "Baños del Inca".
Churches and colonial large houses, conserved almost intact are an alive
museum that waits for the visitor. Through the churches you will be able to
appreciate the biggest architectural and artistic wealth in the Spanish
colonization, with beautiful fronts and great sculptural wealth in its interior.
Museums: Cajamarca counts with modest museums like the
"Museo Arqueológico y Etnográfico" (Archaeological and
Ethnographic Museum) and located in the old Hospital of Women and the Medical
Museum located in the old Hospital of Males, both annexes of the "Iglesia
de Belén" (Church of Belen) (XVIII Century).
Areas around the
City: There are diverse places that offer a variety possibility to
enjoy their charms, as the Collpa farm where the cows recognize their names, the
thermal "Baños del Inca", the forest of stones the Frailones,
the town of artisans of Aylambo or places where you can appreciate beautiful