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Archaeological Places

Chincha: Chincha is synonymous of rejoicing and as such as is the cradle of Peru's Afro-Peruvian culture. Its inhabitants, who are good-humored and hospitable folk, have kept alive their traditions and customs over generations, performing their music and dances over the course of centuries. The people of Chincha, with guitar, cajón and quijada percussion instruments in hand, will welcome visitors with open arms and make them feel at home. Located just 194 km south of Lima, in the department of Ica, Chincha and its environs provide a place to rest and fun-filled days. One ideal place for a visit is the Hacienda San José plantation, a seventeenth - century manor which hides behind its stout walls a history of Dominicans and Jesuits, Spanish noblemen and African slaves. The plantation house lies in the district of El Carmen, 15 Km from the city, and even today has conserved its superb gateways, sweeping chambers and labyrinthine passageways than run beneath it, and through which slaves were smuggled, according to legend. The district also prides itself for organizing the finest celebrations in honor of the Virgin of Carmen in December.

 

"Tambo Colorado" or "Puka Tampu"

Incan complex, located in the kilometer 33 of the highway Vía de Los Libertadores, (San Clemente - Ayacucho) in the district of Humay, Pisco.


It is the conserved bigger and better Incan archaeological complex of the Peruvian coast.


It owes their name to the predominance of the red color in their constructions. This city strength was ordered to build for the Inca Pachacútec, in the last quarter of the XV century, then that it conquered the Yungas (tribe preincaica) that occupied this valley.


Its construction obeyed the politics of the Tahuantinsuyo of control of conquered areas, and as other establishments of its type, it was quickly abandoned after the fall of the Inca state.

Their extraordinary walls, built in adobe, were colored of red and yellow, adorned with trapezoidal niches and niches. This complex is formed by a palace, a temple, the strength, barracks and warehouses. Extensive esplanades communicated by bleachers and ramps and a residence complex for the town.


Their inhabitants carried out economic, domestic activities, rituals, administrative and political, controlled by a state apparatus that reached great magnitude before the arrival of the Spaniards.
It has a small place museum.

 

"La Centinela"

Archaeological complex of the Inca - Chincha culture, Located in the district of Tambo de Mora. It has a "Huaca" (Adoration center) Formed by great adobe walls. The walls are finely decorated with raised work of birds, fish and geometrical shapes. Niches are located inside the rooms.


Because of the bad weather conditions and bad maintenance, the complex is not in its best conditions.

 

"La Achirana del Inca"

Located in the valley of Ica. It is an artificial watering canal, built by orders of Inca Pachacútec, more than 500 years ago, as symbol of love to a virgin.


This construction is a sample of the big hydraulic technology reached by the Inca Empire. At the moment, more than 11 thousand hectares are using these canals for irrigation. During the past years modern constructions had been added to them, but they still have the same Inca design.



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