Protected Natural Areas in Lambayeque - Chiclayo
Location: Department of Lambayeque - Province Ferreñafe
Area: 5,887.38 Hectares
Establishment: June 2001
35 Km. / 22 miles north of Chiclayo (1 hour by car). This dry forest is a refuge for carob trees, birds, and at the same time for Sicán archeological remains. Here are twenty pre-Inca mounds, called huacas, like Las Ventanas Huaca, Huaca Lucía, Huaca La Merced or Huaca Rodillona. The archeological discoveries have been surprising because of the quantity of gold objects found. The Sicán Archaeological Project located a tomb with valuable burial items composed of crowns, rings, masks, bracelets, necklaces, weapons, armor, and other objects of gold and semiprecious stones like turquoise, spondylous (red sea shell), lapis lazuli, and amber. The forest is full of varied flora of zapote (quararibea sp.), guarango, and carob trees.
Press release (October 2011)
IMPORTANT TOMB DISCOVERED IN POMAC
The huaca Lercanlech, located in Pómac Forest Historical Sanctuary and considered the tallest pyramid-Sican culture for its 35 meters high-, was the scene of a new archaeological discover, reported Peru 21. Carlos Elera, chairman of the management committee of the sanctuary, reported that a tomb found large elite along with two human sacrifices, metal and a ceramic Religious Huaco called King. The specialist said that the cultural pattern of Sicán, it would be a very important character and a certain similarity to the Lord of Sipan. "Last May we started investigations between this platform and the ramp north of the monument, but excavations still continue for three months," he explained.
Location: Department of Lambayeque - Province Ferreñafe
Area: 8.328 Hectares
Establishment: July 2006
Specially protected area for conservation and repopulation of the White-winged Guan ( Penelope albipennis ), an endemic bird of Peru and endangered species and to protect the dry forest. It is located in the district of Incahuasi, Ferreñafe Province.
This refuge includes land with altitudes ranging from 400 to 2,600 meters above sea level and includes habitats formed by equatorial dry forests between 500 and 2,000 m., with wetter vegetation restricted to the numerous small valleys at higher altitudes. principal habitat is the vegetation formation "Dry Forest Hills", made up mostly of Palo Santo ( Bursera graveolens ), Hualtaco ( Loxopterygium huasango ) and Pasallo ( Eriotheca discolor ), and the "dry forest height" (Shambo), which is much more humid than above.
In Laquipampa are other national wildlife species as the spectacled bear or Andean bear, the Andean condor, king vulture, the peccary, the shihui or anteater, emerald parrot and parrot red head.
The best place to watch birds is around the SERNANP office and Shambo.
Chongoyape - 95 Km / 59 miles southeast of Chiclayo (1 hour and 30 minutes by car)
Another site that combines history and nature is the Chaparri Forest. It is heaven on earth, where you can see among carob tree branches, spectacled bears, deer and pumas as well as ancient religious sanctuaries displaying sophisticated rock paintings. This area of 34.412 hectares belongs to the Muchik Santa Catalina de Chongoyape farming community. This is the first private conservation area in Peru. Its main objective is the preservation of the dry forests in the area and the rich biodiversity that it shelters. Also, it hopes to establish a mechanism that will allow for the sustainable use of its natural resources. Important endangered species found there are the spectacled bear, the guanaco, the white winged guan, and the Andean condor.
Few places on earth can match northern Peru for bird diversity. From the coast to the tropical lowlands the variety of ecosystems and birding destinations provides a near endless experience, which for most avid birders takes at least two trips to fully appreci-ate. The route traverses eight political departments from the coast, across the Andes and into the Amazon lowlands with: Tumbes, Piura, Lambayeque and La Libertad along the coast, then moving east we find Cajamarca, Amazonas, San Martin and finally Loreto. These eight departments alone hold some 1,600 bird species; approximately 85% of Peru´s c.1,840 species. This impressive diversity is coupled with an outstand-ing 140 restricted-range species, from 10 endemic bird areas. Not surprisingly such diversity and endemism is due to a complex combination of climatic factors; with the El Niño and Humboldt ocean currents influencing the coast, and topographical features; the relatively low altitude Andes and inter-Andean valleys such as the Marañón, Utcubamba and Huan-cabamba, and not forge¢ing the mega-diverse tropical lowlands. However some 75 species are globally threatened (plus c.50 near-threatened species) and the route provides an interesting insight into many local conservation initiatives working to protect these birds. (Map of Northern Birding Route).
Desert Pacific is the most widespread natural formation along the Peruvian coast. It is found from the department of Piura, north to Tacna, in the extreme south. Its climate is hot and humid in the summer during the winter, when there are frequent drizzle and thick cloud blocks out the sun. In some places, where the fog hit the hills, form a unique environment known as "lomas": true oasis of life in the desert that serve as shelter for a rich and varied flora and fauna. The winds are also important in this region, and reached its greatest intensity on the coast of the department of Ica, where they are known as Paracas. The terrain is mostly flat desert, with vast plains, areas of dunes and hills that rarely exceed 700 meters. The plant and animal life in this region is scarce, but the monotony of the plains of sand and rock is interrupted from stretch to stretch the fertile coastal valleys. A total of 52 rivers of the Pacific crossing the desert on their way to the ocean end, giving life to the land they bathe. Here the flora is represented by carob huarangos, cactus and Tillandsia. Among the typical animals include the coastal fox, the guanaco (one of two wild camelid species from Peru) and dozens of species of birds. The coastal rivers are lavish in shrimp and several species of fish.
The equatorial dry forest
Dry forest is known as a natural formation typical of the northern coast of predominantly plant species adapted to harsh desert conditions the carob and ceibos common in the departments of Tumbes, Piura and Lambayeque, and vital for the survival of the inhabitants of this region, since they provide animal fodder, building materials, medical applications, liquor and food products. Its climate is hot and dry, with rainfall during the summer that allow the development of lush vegetation and unique. The dry forest extends from the edge of the sea to a distance of 100 to 150 km inland. The topography is generally flat, with extensive plains and low hills in coastal mountain ranges and small inland. This is the land of the ceibos bellies, which accumulate accumulate water in their thick trunks, and hardwood and fine, as hualtaco and guayacán. It is also home to the gray deer, fox coast, White-winged Guan and the anteater, animals that share the dry forest with large flocks of noisy parrots and parakeets of emerald red forehead.