Historical Center of Cajamarca
The Main Square
The actual plazas occupies the same place as the great triangular plaza of the Inca times. In the center exists an ornamental pile that dates of 1562 and was located in the same place where the Inca Atahualpa was executed. Around it you can see the City Hall, the Cathedral and San Francisco´s Church, among others.
When walking downtown you will find beautiful fronts of colonial houses, there are 104 fronts registrated. Outstanding the house of the Count de Uceda and the one of Toribio Casapaza.
"El Cuarto de Rescate" (Rescue Room)
Located in Amalia Puga street N° 750.
The most important are characterized by their imposing fronts, richly carved in volcanic stone; you can appreciate that some of them don't have their towers finished, and this was on purpose since the curia could continue this way receiving subsidies and it avoided the payment of taxes to the crown of Spain.
Also called "Iglesia de Santa Catalina" (Church of Santa Catalina), built between 1682 and 1762, of beautiful front, abundant in arches and finely carved stone columns, its interior is austere with churrigueresque altars. Located in front of the Main Plaza.
Also called "Iglesia de San Antonio" (Church of San Antonio) (XVI Century) it is an architectural jewel, temple of plateresque Baroque style. It was one of the first churches built by the Spaniards in Peru. Its front of finely carved stone, with three entrance doors, in its interior outstands its altars and pictorial works. It is located in front of the Main Plaza and in front of the Cathedral.
"Capilla de la Virgen de los Dolores" (Chapel of Virgin de los Dolores)
Located to one side of "Iglesia de San Francisco" (San Francisco's Church), its interior is a jewel of sculpture. It has an image of "Virgen de la Soledad" (Virgin of the Soledad) that is highly venerated in Cajamarca. Under its bigger altar exist catacombs of prehispanic origin.
Concluded in 1744 by José Morales, it has one of the most beautiful fronts, carved in stone, with columns, arches, vaults and statues. It is a church of a single nave, and in its interior the most important thing is the dome carved in stone with polychromed figures.
"Iglesia La Recoleta" (Church The Recoleta)
Beautiful Baroque temple built between 1668 and 1678, possesses a single nave and three cloisters. Its front differs from the other churches of Cajamarca. The artistic wealth of its interior was sacked during the "Guerra del Pacífico" (Pacific War) (1879-83).